From OpenContent Curriculum
The Bearded Seal (Erignathus barbatus), also called the Square Flipper Seal, is a medium-sized pinniped that is found in and near to the Arctic Ocean. The species name "barbatus" means bearded and refers to its most characteristic feature, the conspicuous and very abundant whiskers. When dry, these whiskers curl very elegantly, giving the bearded seal a raffish look. Distinguishing features of this earless seal include square fore flippers and thick bristles on its muzzle. Adults are greyish-brown in colour, darker on the back; rarely with a few faint spots on the back or dark spots on the flanks. Occasionally the face and neck are reddish-brown.
The Bearded Seal reaches about 2.25 m (7.4 ft) to 2.7 m (8.9 ft) in nose-to-tail length and from 275 kg (606 lb) to 340 kg (750 lb) in weight. Both sexes are about the same size.
Young Ugzruk "Teenager"
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The bearded seal is the most important subsistence resource to our community. We never waste any part of it. Traditionally, hunters drink seal oil so they wont get hungry right away. Seal oil can also be used to relieve ear aches and can clean the body like a laxative. We eat most of the bearded seal but we usually throw away the head or use it for dog food.
Parts of the Bearded seal- Ugzruk:
Head- Niaquq- throw away, or use as dog food
Neck- Quŋusiq- dried
Arms- Tallik- hang and ferment
Ribs- Tulimat- hang and fermented
Heart- Uuman- cook
Liver- Tiŋuk- cook and is fermented
Intestine- Ilġawk- cook or half dried and fermented Long ago we would take the outside membrain (Qiaq) off and blow in it, then hang to dry for a raincoat.
Kidney- Taqtu- cook
Diaphram- Ilupak- dry
Loin meat- Panaaluksrauraq- dry
Stripped meat- Aguaviniq
Stomach- Imaŋuġik- hang and dry later you cook and put in seal oil
bladder- Aġġutaq- Clean, blow, and dry for a linch bag
back bones- Kuyapigak
Fermented Flippers- Usrraq
Leg bones- Tivayaaq-Hang or buried under ground
Skin- Natiksraq- made into hard sole bottoms for slippers